Where RCV Is Used

In the United States

Congratulations to Maine for becoming the first state in the country to enact RCV statewide!
In addition to Maine, a growing number of U.S. cities are adopting RCV for their local elections.
Hover over the map below to learn about other RCV implementations and legislation around the country.

In Massachusetts

The City of Cambridge has used an at-large, proportional representation form of RCV to elect their City Council and School Committee since 1941. A number of colleges and universities in Massachusetts use RCV for their student government or alumni elections. Additionally, several public school systems around the state ask parents to rank their choice of school in order of preference. While matching students to schools isn't an RCV election, per se, it does demonstrated the prevalence and ease of filling out ranked ballots.


  • Cambridge (City Council and School Committee)


  • Clark University (Undergraduate Student Council)
  • Harvard University (Undergradudate Student Council, Graduate Student Council, Graduate Music Forum)
  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology (Undergraduate Association, Graduate Student Council, Alumni Association)
  • Northeastern (Undergraduate Student Government)
  • Tufts University (Undergrad Community Union)
  • UMass Boston (Undergraduate Student Government)
  • Williams College (Undergraduate College Council)
  • Worcester Polytechnic Institute (Faculty Committee)


  • Boston Public Schools
  • Brockton Public Schools
  • Cambridge Public Schools
  • Fall River Public Schools
  • Somerville Public Schools
  • Lowell Public Schools

Around the World

A number of governments around the world use RCV.

  • Australia (House of Representatives, Senate, state legislatures, local governments)
  • Canada (political party elections, local governments)
  • India (Parliament, legislative councils)
  • Ireland (Parliament, European elections, local governments)
  • New Zealand (regional elections, local governments)
  • Malta (Parliament, European elections, local governments)
  • Northern Ireland (National Assembly, European elections, local governments)
  • Papa New Guinea (Parliament)
  • Scotland (local governments)
  • United Kingdom (political party leaders, mayors)

Learn more about where RCV is used on the FairVote site.